Child abuse happens when a parent or other adult causes serious physical or emotional harm to a child. Read this article to learn more about the different types of abuse including, physical. sexual, emotional, and neglect and what to do if you suspect your child is being abused.
Car Seat Safety Tips
We can protect our children by placing them correctly in a car and booster seats and obeying child passenger laws when we travel. Using a properly installed car or booster seat or buckling your child in properly can reduce the risk of serious injury or death by as much as 75%.
tips for buckling them up
Always use a car seat. Massachusetts state law requires that all children under the age of eight and less than fifty seven inches tall must be properly secured in a federally approved car or safety seat according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
It is further recommended that:
- Children under two years of age use an infant seat or rear-facing convertible (infant-toddler) seat
- Children 2-4 years old and 20-40 pounds use a forward-facing or convertible (infant-toddler) seat
- Children 4-8 years old and 40-80 pounds use a booster seat
- Children under age of 13 should always ride in the back seat of the car
Do your research. When looking for a car or booster seat, there is no ‘best’ choice. When choosing a seat, try it out and make sure it fits securely in your car. Put your child in it and adjust the straps. For tips on choosing an appropriate car seat, visit the American Academy of Pediatrics’ Car Seat Guide. Also, the NHTSA provides information and ratings for most car seats including ease of use and installation instructions.
Do not base your choice on price alone – high prices may not necessarily make the seat safer or easier to use.
Know how it works. Always read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions when installing a car seat. Ask a professional. Your local fire department or police station may do car installations. To find a location near you that will check your car seat, go to http://www.seatcheck.org/.
Never continue to use a car seat once it’s been in an accident. If possible, avoid purchasing a used car seat because you do not know its history. Check NHTSA’s list of car seat safety recalls and make sure your child’s car seat is safe to use.
The leading cause of injury and death for children ages 3-14 years is from trauma in automobile accidents.
National Highway Traffic And Safety Administration (NHTSA), 2014
Be aware of airbags. Know where your car’s airbags are. Do not put a car seat too close to a rear passenger side airbag.
Stick with seat belts. Your child is ready to use a seat belt when the shoulder strap fits properly across the chest and shoulder, not the neck, and the lap belt is low and across the thighs, not the stomach. Your child should be tall enough to sit in the curve of her seat with her legs bent (approximately 4 feet 10 inches). This will probably be somewhere between 8-12 years of age. Children younger than age 13 should not sit in the front seat.
Spread the word. Be sure to convey this important information to anyone who transports your children – your spouse or partner, babysitter, daycare provider, and other friends and family members.
Not even for a minute. Never leave an infant or child unattended in the car, not even for a minute. When left alone in a car, children may suffer from abduction, dehydration, injury, and other risks.
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Talking with your child about things like touching and private body parts isn’t easy. It’s common to feel uncomfortable and embarrassed, and you may not know where to start. But the good news is, you can weave these conversations into the interactions you have with your kids every day, like bedtime, reading time, and at meals.